The Boni National Reserve is a Kenyan national park dedicated to conservation located in the county of Garissa. This protected area, which covers an area of 1,339 km2 (517 sq mi), is administered by the Kenya Wildlife Service. It was established in 1976 as a dry season sanctuary for elephants in the former Kenyan districts of Ijara and Lamu and Somalia to protect them from poaching. Unfortunately, poaching has resulted in a significant reduction in the elephant population.
Located in the northern Zanzibar-Inhambane coastal forest mosaic, the Boni forest, after which the reserve is called, is an indigenous open canopy forest with a wide range of plant species. The forest has been designated a biodiversity hotspot due to the large concentrations of plant species found there, which are among the highest in the world.
Hippopotamus, bushpig, warthog, buffalo, common duiker, topi, and waterbuck are some of the herbivores found in the area. The endangered African wild dog and the aardwolf are two of the most common carnivores found in the reserve. African elephants can be found in the reserve, even though they are scarce.
Birds Because it is a component of the East African coastal forest, it is expected to have bird species distinctive from the coastal forests of eastern Africa, including potentially endangered species such as the Sokoke pipit, which is a globally threatened species.